P125 Wage Hike and Arroyos Economic Boom

Jan. 28, 2007

If President Arroyo wants to talk about social payback from the booming economy, the only acceptable and meaningful social payback that Filipino workers deserve today is a substantial wage increase complemented by price control reforms, tax reforms, and drastic increases in social services spending

IBON Features

MANILA — In a televised forum on Edsa Doss sixth anniversary, President Gloria Arroyo said that Filipinos are experiencing the benefits of the countrys economic boom but they just dont know it yet.

The statement came after she proclaimed more than a week before that she would veto any legislation for a substantial wage hike after the House of Representatives passed House Bill (HB) No. 345 last December. The bill proposes an increase of P125 in the daily minimum wage over a three-year period.

President Arroyos pitch of a booming economy amid renewed calls for a substantial wage hike has two implications. First, an increase in workers pay at this time may undermine economic growth and, second, there is no need for a wage hike since people are already reaping the gains of an economic boom.

However, economics is not only about the creation of wealth but its distribution as well. Thus for 2007, Mrs. Arroyo said government would focus on ensuring that the masses got the social payback by continuing to spread the wealth brought about by economic gains. But Arroyo, a long-time economics professor before she entered politics, seems to overlook that one of the most important ways to increase the share of workers to the pie of social wealth that was in the first place created only through their labor power is to increase their wages.

Meaningless growth

Mrs. Arroyos recurrent and triumphant theme in the past few months has been how the country is supposedly on track to achieve First World status. The gross domestic product (GDP), by National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) reckoning, would hit 7.10 percent this year or three years ahead of the original program. Full-year GDP growth from 2001 to 2005 at constant prices averaged a respectable 5.05 percent and posted 5.40 percent in the three quarters of 2006.

Beneath this considerable economic growth, however, is the reality of widespread social discontent. In the October 2006 round of IBONs nationwide survey, 70.56 percent of the respondents considered themselves poor; 62.80 percent said that their income is not enough for their familys needs; and 51.65 percent said that their livelihood worsened compared with the previous year.

Obviously, the economic system has failed to equitably distribute the increasing social wealth that the economy has produced in the past years thus alienating the workers from the supposed economic growth and from the fruits of their own labor. The $1,400 GDP per capita (i.e. the value of domestic production as equally divided among each Filipino) that the President projected this year is meaningless because wealth is actually concentrated in a very small section of society. According to the 2000 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) of the National Statistics Office (NSO) only 28.83 percent of the total number of families account for 65.24 percent of the total national income while 71.17 percent share the remaining 34.76 percent. The top two income classes, which represent only 13.23 percent of the total number of families, account for 44.45 percent of the total national income.

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